BIOLOGY MIDTERM REVIEW SHEET

Chapter 1

1.          A microscope used for viewing things through which light cannot pass is a(n) ____________________________ microscope 

2.          The recorded measurements taken during an experiment are____________________ 

3.          A liter is used to measure ____________________ 

4.          The SI Unit of length is the _________________ 

5.          The prefix “kilo” means ______________ 

6.          Biologists study _________________ and _________________ things 

7.          A statement that can be tested is called the ____________________ 

8.          Changes that occur during an experiment are compared with a ______________________ 

9.          A hypothesis that has been tested again & again, with similar results each time is   a(n)____________________________ 

10.     Testing a hypothesis is called ______________________ 

11.     At the end of an experiment, a scientist forms a(n) _____________________ 

Examine the picture of the microscope (Get from me). Choose the letter that best fits the term or description. 

12.     light source ____

13.     course adjustment____

14.     brings objects into fine focus____

15.     supports the slide ____

16.     controls the light entering microscope____

  

17.     The magnification of the eyepiece is _______X.

18.     The magnification of the low power objective is ______X. High power objective = ______X 

19.     The total magnification of a microscope on high power (40X) is _________X. 

Choose the word that best matches each phrase below. 

a. Kelvin             b. mass             c. kilogram             d. variable             e. weight 

20.     How much matter is in something ____

21.     SI unit of mass ____

22.     That which changes in an experiment ____

23.     A measure of the force of gravity on an object____

24.     SI scale for measuring temperature____

  

25.     This type of scientist uses a microscope to study hair, fibers, skin & blood

a. crime lab technician             b. beekeeper                   c. mushroom grower              d. optometrist

 Chapter 2

26.     All living things are made of _____________ 

27.     A biologist would expect any newly discovered organism to be made of cells because of the ___________ theory 

28.     Osmosis is the movement of ____________ into and out of cells 

29.     Anything that has mass & occupies space is called _________________ 

30.     Most of the cell’s chemical reactions take place in the ____________________ 

31.     A group of similar cells carrying out a job is a(n) ___________________ 

32.     The part of a plant cell that gives it support and shape is the ___________________ 

33.     The cell part that controls most of the cell’s activities is the ____________________ 

34.     Over 97% of the matter in living things is made up of _____ elements 

35.     Living things get energy from food in the process of _________________  __________________ 

 Match the example with one of the features of living things. 

a. reproduction             b. responds                      c. adapts               d. grows 

36.     Cats have kittens ____

37.     A baby gains ten pounds ____

38.     A plant grows toward the light ____

39.     A polar bear has fur ____

  

40.     When a substance moves from where there is a large amount to where there is a small amount, this is referred to as _______________________

 

Match each item below with the letter in the cell diagram (refer to diagram in class). A letter may be used more than once. 

41.     Controls movement of materials into & out of cell ____

42.     Contains chlorophyll ____

43.     Where proteins are made ____

44.     Releases energy ____

45.     Stores food, water & minerals ____

46.     Vacuole ____

47.     Mitochondria ____

48.     Cell membrane ____

49.     Chloroplast ____

50.     Ribosome ____

 Chapter 3

51.     Scientific names show classification groups of  __________________ & _________________ 

52.     The word “classify” means to __________________ 

53.     The first scientist to classify living things into two main groups was __________________ 

54.     The largest group into which living things are classified ___________________ 

55.     Scientific names are understood by all scientists because the names are written in the __________________ language 

56.     In Aristotle’s system,

a.      Plants were classified on the basis of where they lived

b.      Animals were classified on the basis of where they lived

c.      There were three kingdoms

d.      All living things were placed in one kingdom

 57.      What did Linnaeus base his classification system on? 

58.     To determine how to classify organisms, modern biologists may use these three things:

a. _____________________________________________

b. _____________________________________________

c. ______________________________________________

 

59.     Of the following, Felis Leo is most closely related to

    a. Rana pipiens             b. Felis domesticus             c. Xenopus laevis             d. Homo sapiens

 

60.     Name three reasons why foods are classified in a supermarket

a.      _____________________________________________

b.      _____________________________________________

c.      _____________________________________________

 

Choose the letter of the kingdom that best matches each description. You may use each letter more than once.

 a. Plant              b. Animal  c. Protist  d. Moneran             e. Fungus 

61.     Includes mushrooms & molds ____

62.     Made of one cell, has a nucleus ____

63.     One celled, does not have a nucleus ____

64.     Cannot make its own food, may move about, is many-celled ____

65.     Makes its own food, cannot move about ____

66.     Includes bacteria ____

67.     Has a cell wall, cannot make its own food ____ 

Choose the word or words that best completes each sentence.

a. genus             b. species c. genus and species

68.     The _______________________is always written first in a scientific name

69.     _______________________________ make up a scientific name

70.     In the scientific name Crotalus atrox, atrox is the ____________________________

71.     Rana pipiens and Rana catesbiana are in the same ____________________________

72.     ________________________ is the smallest dividsion of living things

  

TRUE or FALSE (Circle the correct choice)

 

73.     The scientific names of living things seldom change  (TRUE/ FALSE)

74.     Food is not grouped in a grocery store (TRUE/ FALSE)

75.     Grouping things helps to show how they are alike  (TRUE/ FALSE)

 

Chapter 4

76.     Bacteria reproduce by __________________ 

77.     Viruses consist of a protein coat around a ______________________________ 

78.     What are three possible shapes of bacteria? Name, and DRAW an example of each shape. 

 

 

 

 

79.     When growing conditions are not right, many bacteria form _______________________ 

80.     Chemicals made by the body that help destroy viruses & harmful bacteria are ________________ 

81.     The common cold is caused by a type of (Virus/ Bacteria). – CHOOSE ONE 

82.     Some viruses cause the host cell to reproduce both itself & the viruses. Groups of these cells become a _____________________ 

83.     Chemicals used to kill bacteria on living things are _____________________ 

84.     Developing new forms of bacteria that produce useful products is an example of  _______________________ 

85.     Bacterial cells do not contain a ______________________ 

86.     Why are high temperatures used to prepare canned foods? 

 

 

 

 

 

Match the traits listed below with the letter of the correct diagram (get diagram from me). Letters may be used more than once.

 Choices are bacteria, blue-green bacteria, and virus

 

 

 

87.     These organisms can make their own food ____

88.     Members of this group may live only as parasites ____

89.     This member can reproduce only in living cells ____

90.     These organisms help cows digest food ____

91.     These organisms have a protein coat ____

92.     This organism may have an outer jellylike layer ____ 

93.     Name three examples ways in which bacteria are helpful.

a.      ____________________________________________

b.      ____________________________________________

c.      ____________________________________________

  

TRUE or FALSE (circle the correct answer) 

94.     One way AIDS is spread is by sexual contact (TRUE/ FALSE)

95.     Syphilis and gonorrhea are examples of disease cause by viruses. (TRUE/ FALSE)

 

Match the method of controlling bacteria with the descriptions below 

a. antiseptic             b. dehydration                   c. freezing d. medicines                      e. pasteurization 

96.     Heating milk to kill bacteria ____

97.     Removing water from food ____

98.     Using iodine, hydrogen peroxide, or alcohol ____

99.     Lowering the temperature of food ____

100. Giving a vaccine ____

 Chapter 5

101. A special cell that develops into a  new living thing is a ________________ 

102. Name one example of an animal-like protist _______________________

Name one example of a plant-like protist ______________________

Name one example of a fungus-like protist ______________________

 

103. Draw a euglena. Label the following parts: flagellum, chloroplast, eyespot, nucleus

 

 

 

104. A living thing, usually with one cell that has a nucleus and other cell parts is from the __________________ kingdom 

105. In one stage of its life cycle, the slime mold flows like a(n) __________________ 

106. The relationship between a fungus and a green organism is an example of ___________________ 

107. A mushroom absorbs food through its _______________________ 

108. Protists that reproduce by forming spores are ___________________ 

109. Fungi reproduce by ______________________________ & ____________________________ 

110. A main difference between fungi & plants is that fungi cannot make their own _____________ 

111. The plantlike protist that has some animal traits is the _____________________

 Match the phrases below with the letter of the correct diagram.

 

 

 

112. Club fungi ____

113. Used to bake bread ____

114. Sporangium fungi ____

115. Make alcohol ____

116. Some may cause death if eaten ____

  

Match the term or description to the correctly labeled structure.

 

 

 

117. false feet ____

118. cilia ____

119. removes excess water ____

120. food is taken in here ____

121. flagellum ____ 

 

Match each of the phrases with the letter of the correct choice.

a. diatom            b. dinoflaggelate              c. euglena

122. Has an eyespot ____

123. Cell covering made of two parts ____

124. Cause red tides ____

125. Has one flagellum ____

 

Chapter 6

126. The process that best separates plants from animals is __________________________ 

127. Structures that anchor vascular plants from animals is ______________________ 

128. A female reproductive cell is called a(n) ________________ 

129. Reproduction of a living thing from two reproductive cells is  _____________________________ 

130. Nonvascular plants that are flat, leaflike, and grow very close to the soil are __________________ 

131. The leaves of a fern grow from an underground _______________________ 

132. Mosses and liverworts absorb water from the soil by the process of _____________________ 

133. Seed plants are divided into two groups called ____________________ & ___________________ 

134. Fir and pine trees are classified as ______________________ 

135. Grasses and rose bushes are classified as _______________________ 

Choose the word that best  matches each phrase below

a. vascular                     b. nonvascular                  c. both vascular & nonvascular 

136. Are usually green ____

137. Some form new plants by seeds ____

138. Mosses and liverworts ____

139. Conifers and ferns ____

140. Have tubelike cells ____

141. Usually are tall plants ____

142. Carry on photosynthesis ____

143. Flowering plants ____

144. Some form new plants by spores ____

 

Choose the type of plant that matches each phrase below. 

145. Provides cereals, fruits, and vegetables ____

146. Lacks tubelike cells ____

147. Provides of the world’s lumber ____

148. Forms peat from decayed sphagnum ____

149. Produces seeds in a flower ____

150. Sometimes called evergreens ____

 

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