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Plant Classification

Features of ALL plants:


How are Plants Grouped?

Plants are grouped as _____________________ or ______________________. Vascular plants and Non-Vascular Plants can be compared as buildings "with" or "without" an _____________________. Vascular plants are _____________, so they need a way to _________________materials to the top of the "building," or plant, and nonvascular plants are ___________________________ and spread out, so they do not need an elevator to _________________ materials throughout the plant, or "building."



One set of "tubes" is used to transport ____________ & _______________ up and down the plant.

One set of "tubes" is used to transport _____________ made by the leaves throughout the rest of the plant.


Vascular Plants have the following ORGANS:

    1. _______________ - To anchor the plant and take in food & water
    2. _______________ - Carries water to all parts of the plant, and holds leaves up to sunlight, provides support
    3. _______________ - Makes food (has ___________________)


Grow ______________________________, in _______________ areas

DO NOT have _______________; take up water by ________________ through hairlike cells


Non-Vascular Plants (Short "buildings" without elevators). These plants must grow close to the ground because they depend upon _________________ to move water through all parts of the plant. They are common in ____________ or ____________ areas.

EXAMPLES: __________________ & _____________________



Lush, green leafy mat on forest floor or on rocks by a stream. Has _______________ & ________________ but NO ______________.




Small patches of green plants that look wet & slippery. They have _______________ & ________________ but NO ______________. They are fixed to the surface of the ground by ______________ ______________ or __________________ cells.



Mosses & Liverworts are USEFUL to Living Things:



Life Cycle of a Moss

Mosses reproduce by ________________________________________, the forming of a new living thing by union of reproductive cells (egg & sperm) from 2 parents.

When egg & sperm join, that is referred to as ________________________.




Vascular Plants (Tall buildings that need elevators to transport materials throughout building). These plants grow __________ because they HAVE _______________ cells in their roots that carry ___________ & ___________ throughout the plant.

Vascular Plants are divided into _________________ & _______________ Plants


Organs: Remember…Vascular plants have ____________, ____________, & ____________.


2 Types of Tubelike Cells:






EXAMPLE: ___________________ - A vascular plant that reproduces with spores.

1 ____________ of the _____________________ of a fern does NOT have a _______________________ system, so they need to grow in moist, shaded areas.


Life Cycle of a Fern


 Seed Plants – Seed plants are a type of ___________________ plant. They are further divided into _________________ and _____________________________.

________________________ - Part of a plant that contains a new, young plant & stored food.


The young plant in the seed is the __________________, or an organism in its early stages of growth.

A ______________ has a protective, hard outer ____________.



Two Types of Seed Plants:

________________________ - A plant that produces seeds in cones. It has tough, needle-like leaves.

These plants keep their leaves throughout the year, and therefore are referred to as ______________________. These plants shed their leaves intermittantly (not all at once).

Conifer Life Cycle

____________ cones produce ______________, tiny yellow grains of seed plants in which sperm develop

____________ cones produce ____________ cells.



Conifer Facts

EXAMPLES: ______________________ lives in swamps

______________________ live in the desert

_______________ & __________________ live in high mountains or close to sea



 __________________________________ - A _________________ plant that produces seeds inside a flower, or enclosed in a fruit.

This is the _______________ ________________ plant

_______________________ - The reproductive part of the plant.

______________ part produces eggs.

______________ part produces sperm.

EXAMPLES: ___________________ & _____________________


Flowering plants may have ___________, ______________ _______________ flowers, OR ____________, _____________________ flowers.

Most flowering plants produce flowers only at certain times of the year.

Flowering Plants are Beneficial

PLANTS are Beneficial


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