Features of ALL plants:
How are Plants Grouped?
Plants are grouped as _____________________ or ______________________. Vascular plants and Non-Vascular Plants can be compared as buildings "with" or "without" an _____________________. Vascular plants are _____________, so they need a way to _________________materials to the top of the "building," or plant, and nonvascular plants are ___________________________ and spread out, so they do not need an elevator to _________________ materials throughout the plant, or "building."
One set of "tubes" is used to transport ____________ & _______________ up and down the plant.
One set of "tubes" is used to transport _____________ made by the leaves throughout the rest of the plant.
Vascular Plants have the following ORGANS:
Grow ______________________________, in _______________ areas
DO NOT have _______________; take up water by ________________ through hairlike cells
Non-Vascular Plants (Short "buildings" without elevators). These plants must grow close to the ground because they depend upon _________________ to move water through all parts of the plant. They are common in ____________ or ____________ areas.
EXAMPLES: __________________ & _____________________
Lush, green leafy mat on forest floor or on rocks by a stream. Has _______________ & ________________ but NO ______________.
Small patches of green plants that look wet & slippery. They have _______________ & ________________ but NO ______________. They are fixed to the surface of the ground by ______________ ______________ or __________________ cells.
Mosses & Liverworts are USEFUL to Living Things:
Life Cycle of a Moss
Mosses reproduce by ________________________________________, the forming of a new living thing by union of reproductive cells (egg & sperm) from 2 parents.
When egg & sperm join, that is referred to as ________________________.
Vascular Plants (Tall buildings that need elevators to transport materials throughout building). These plants grow __________ because they HAVE _______________ cells in their roots that carry ___________ & ___________ throughout the plant.
Vascular Plants are divided into _________________ & _______________ Plants
Organs: Remember Vascular plants have ____________, ____________, & ____________.
2 Types of Tubelike Cells:
EXAMPLE: ___________________ - A vascular plant that reproduces with spores.
1 ____________ of the _____________________ of a fern does NOT have a _______________________ system, so they need to grow in moist, shaded areas.
Life Cycle of a Fern
Seed Plants Seed plants are a type of ___________________ plant. They are further divided into _________________ and _____________________________.
________________________ - Part of a plant that contains a new, young plant & stored food.
The young plant in the seed is the __________________, or an organism in its early stages of growth.
A ______________ has a protective, hard outer ____________.
Two Types of Seed Plants:
________________________ - A plant that produces seeds in cones. It has tough, needle-like leaves.
These plants keep their leaves throughout the year, and therefore are referred to as ______________________. These plants shed their leaves intermittantly (not all at once).
Conifer Life Cycle
____________ cones produce ______________, tiny yellow grains of seed plants in which sperm develop
____________ cones produce ____________ cells.
EXAMPLES: ______________________ lives in swamps
______________________ live in the desert
_______________ & __________________ live in high mountains or close to sea
__________________________________ - A _________________ plant that produces seeds inside a flower, or enclosed in a fruit.
This is the _______________ ________________ plant
_______________________ - The reproductive part of the plant.
______________ part produces eggs.
______________ part produces sperm.
EXAMPLES: ___________________ & _____________________
- ______________, produced within pollen grains, is carried to ________ cells by ____________, ____________, and other _____________.
- _______________ ________________parts develop into a ______________ that protects the seeds.
Flowering plants may have ___________, ______________ _______________ flowers, OR ____________, _____________________ flowers.
Most flowering plants produce flowers only at certain times of the year.
Flowering Plants are Beneficial
- Serve as a ____________ source (fruits)
- ______________ & _______________ are made from flowering plants
PLANTS are Beneficial
- If there were no plants, there would be no _______________!!! (No ______________ or _____________)
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